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How to Speed up a Slow computer windows 11/10

Disabling unnecessary startup programs is safe and can significantly improve boot times and overall performance.

Is your Windows 11 computer feeling sluggish and unresponsive? It’s a common issue that can be frustrating, especially when you need to get things done efficiently. Fortunately, there are various factors that could be contributing to your computer’s slowdown. Corrupt system files, too many startup items, and the presence of virtual malware are some of the most common culprits. Whether you’ve just bought it or recently formatted it, there are several steps you can take to optimize Windows 11 for better performance. This article explorer reason behind the problem and How to speed up a slow computer Windows 11/10

Why is Windows 11 Computer Slow?

There are several factors may slow down Windows 11 Performance, Outdated or Incompatible Drivers to Malware or virus infection, Too many background processes or startup items, Lack of Disk Space or corrupted system files are common.

Here are some common factors that can contribute to a slow Windows 11 system:

  • If your computer doesn’t have enough Random Access Memory (RAM), it can struggle to handle multiple tasks simultaneously, leading to slow performance.
  • Too many unnecessary programs running in the background can consume system resources and slow down your computer.
  • Malicious software can consume system resources and slow down your computer’s performance. Regularly running antivirus scans is important.
  • Over time, files on your hard drive can become fragmented, causing slower access times. Running a disk defragmentation tool can help optimize performance.
  • When your hard drive is almost full, it can lead to slower performance. Make sure you have enough free space for your system to operate efficiently.
  • Over time, installed software may accumulate unnecessary files or features, which can contribute to slower performance.
  • Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause hardware components to not function properly, leading to slower performance.
  • Corrupted system files or misconfigurations within the operating system can also lead to slow performance.

Install Latest Windows Updates

Installing the latest Windows updates is crucial for maintaining the security and performance of your computer. Updates often include patches for known vulnerabilities, bug fixes, and performance enhancements. By keeping your system up-to-date, you ensure that it’s equipped to handle the latest software and technologies.

  • Press Windows key + I to open Settings, go to Windows Update.
  • Click “Check for updates” and install any available updates.
  • Once downloaded, Your computer may need to restart to apply the changes.

Windows 11 KB5031354 update

Repair Corrupt System Files

Corrupt system files can lead to a range of issues, including Windows 11 slow performance, program crashes, and system instability. The System File Checker (sfc) tool is a powerful built-in utility that scans and repairs these files, ensuring the integrity of your system.

  • Open the Command Prompt as an administrator by searching for “cmd” in the Start menu, right-clicking, and selecting “Run as administrator.
  • In the Command Prompt window, type sfc /scannow and press Enter.
  • The tool will begin scanning for and repairing corrupt system files. This process may take some time.
  • In addition, run the DISM restore health command to repair Windows image, DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  • Once the scan is complete, restart your computer.

Run SFC and DISM command

Check for Disk Errors

Windows includes tools like Scandisk to check for and fix disk errors caused by factors like sudden power outages or faulty installations. Running this tool periodically helps maintain the health of your hard drive.

Disk errors can cause slowdowns and potentially lead to data loss.

  • Open File Explorer and right-click on your main drive.
  • Select “Properties” and go to the “Tools” tab.
  • Under “Error-checking,” click “Check” and follow the prompts to check for and fix errors.

Check Disk errors

Or you can Open Command Prompt as an administrator.

  1. Type chkdsk /f and press Enter.
  2. You’ll likely be prompted to schedule a disk check for the next time you restart your computer. Confirm by typing “Y” and press Enter.
  3. Restart your computer. The disk check will begin and may take some time to complete.

Adjust Visual Effects Settings

Windows offers various visual effects and animations that enhance the user interface but can consume system resources. Adjusting these settings to prioritize performance can lead to a smoother and more responsive experience.

  1. Open the Start menu and search for “Performance Options.”
  2. Click on “Adjust the appearance and performance of Windows.”
  3. Select “Adjust for best performance” to disable all visual effects, or manually customize settings to your preference.

adjust for best performance windows 11

Disable Startup Programs

To ensure your PC starts up quickly and prevents unnecessary programs from running in the background, it’s important to review and disable auto-start programs. These are programs that launch automatically with Windows, often without your knowledge. You can manage startup programs through the Task Manager or using third-party software.

  1. Open Task Manager (Ctrl + Shift + Esc or Ctrl + Alt + Del -> Task Manager).
  2. Go to the “Startup” tab, where you’ll see a list of programs that start with your computer.
  3. Identify programs that you don’t need to start with the computer, especially those that you don’t use frequently.
  4. Right-click on the program you want to disable and select “Disable.” Be cautious not to disable essential system services or drivers.

Free Up Storage Space

Over time, your computer accumulates various files in different sectors of the disk and folders. This includes temporary files, log files, and files in the recycle bin. Regularly cleaning up these files can free up valuable disk space and help maintain optimal performance.

Freeing up storage space helps maintain a healthy and responsive system.

Manually delete old or unused files, such as old documents, downloads, and temporary files.

Use the built-in Windows Cleanup tool to remove unnecessary system files

  • Press Win + E on your keyboard to open File Explorer.
  • Right-click on your main drive (usually C:) and select “Properties.”
  • Click on “Disk Cleanup” and follow the prompts to clean up unnecessary files.

Move large files, like videos, backups, or less frequently used data, to an external drive or cloud storage to free up space.

Schedule Storage Sense

Windows provides a tool called Storage Sense that helps manage files and clean up unnecessary clutter. By scheduling it, you can automate the process of cleaning up files and ensuring your system runs efficiently. This tool is especially helpful in maintaining free space on your disk.

  • Press Win + I to open Settings.
  • Go to “System” and then “Storage.”
  • Toggle on “Storage Sense” and click on “Configure Storage Sense or run it now” to set up automatic cleanups.

Optimize and Defragment Disks

Disk fragmentation occurs over time as files are stored in different sectors of the disk. This can slow down your system. Running a disk optimization or defragmentation tool helps reorganize these files for more efficient access. However, it’s worth noting that SSDs do not require defragmentation.

  1. Search for “Defragment and Optimize Drives” in the Start menu and open the tool.
  2. In the Optimize Drives window, select the drive you want to defragment (typically the C: drive) and click “Optimize.”
  3. The tool will analyze the drive and perform defragmentation. This process may take some time, depending on your drive’s fragmentation level.

Update Device Drivers

Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause hardware components to not function properly, leading to slower performance or even hardware issues. Updating drivers ensures compatibility and optimal performance.

  • Press the Windows key + X on your keyboard Select “Device Manager” from the list.
  • Expand the categories to find the device you want to update. (For example display driver)
  • Right-click on the specific Driver you want to update. (Ex Graphics driver) From the context menu, select “Update driver.

You’ll be presented with two options:

  • “Search automatically for updated driver software”: This option allows Windows to search online for updated drivers.
  • “Browse my computer for driver software”: Use this option if you have downloaded a driver manually and want to install it from a specific location on your computer.

Update Graphics driver

If Choosing Automatic Search: Windows will start searching for updated drivers online. If it finds a newer driver, it will automatically install it.

If Choosing Manual Search: Click on “Browse” and navigate to the location where you have the downloaded driver files. Select the folder containing the driver files and click “Next.”

If Windows finds a compatible driver, it will install it. Follow any on-screen prompts or instructions.

Also you can visit the manufacturer’s website for each component (e.g., graphics card, network adapter) to download and install the latest driver updates.

Remove Viruses and Malware

Viruses and malware can significantly slow down your computer. They may run in the background, consuming system resources and causing various issues. Regularly scanning your system with up-to-date antivirus and antimalware programs can help detect and remove these threats, ensuring your PC runs smoothly.

  • Install a reliable antivirus program (like Malwarebytes or Bitdefender). Perform a full system scan and follow any prompts to remove detected threats.
  • Ensure your antivirus software is regularly updated with the latest virus definitions. This allows it to identify and remove the most recent threats.
  • Many antivirus programs offer real-time protection, which continuously monitors your system for suspicious activity and provides immediate alerts or actions when a threat is detected.
  • Practice safe browsing habits and be cautious when clicking on links or downloading files, especially from unknown or untrusted sources.

Remove Bloatware

Bloatware refers to pre-installed software on a computer that is often unnecessary or rarely used. These programs can consume system resources and slow down performance. Removing them can free up valuable space and improve overall responsiveness.

  • Press the Windows key and search for “Control Panel.” Open “Programs and Features.”
  • Select the bloatware program you want to remove.
  • Click “Uninstall” or “Change/Uninstall” at the top of the list.

Some programs may have their own uninstallation wizard. Follow the prompts to complete the uninstallation process.

There are third-party uninstaller tools available that can help identify and remove bloatware more efficiently.

Disable Unnecessary Windows Features

Windows comes with a plethora of features, some of which you may never use. Disabling unnecessary features can help free up system resources and improve overall performance. Be cautious and only disable features you’re sure you don’t need.

  • Press Win + I to open Settings.
  • Go to “Apps” and then “Optional Features.”
  • Select any features you don’t use and click “Uninstall.”

Uninstall Traces of Removed Programs

When you uninstall a program, it may leave behind traces that accumulate over time. Using a program like Revo Uninstaller can help thoroughly uninstall programs and remove any leftover files or registry entries.

  • Use a program like Revo Uninstaller.
  • Open Revo Uninstaller, select the program you want to uninstall and follow the prompts to remove it completely.

Optimize Windows Graphics

Adjusting Windows graphics settings to a more lightweight configuration can improve system performance, especially on older computers.

  • Press Win + I to open Settings.
  • Go to “System” and then “About.”
  • Under “Windows specifications,” click on “Advanced system settings.”
  • Under the “Performance” section, click “Settings” and choose “Adjust for best performance.”

Dust accumulation inside your computer can lead to overheating and performance issues. Regularly cleaning out the dust from fans and components can help prevent slowdowns.

Upgrade to an SSD

Solid State Drives (SSDs) are significantly faster than traditional Hard Disk Drives (HDDs) because they have no moving parts. Upgrading to an SSD can lead to a substantial improvement in overall system responsiveness and reduced boot times.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why is my computer running slow?

  • Computers can slow down due to various reasons, including too many running processes, insufficient RAM, outdated hardware, or the presence of malware.

Can I speed up my computer without upgrading hardware?

  • Yes, there are several software-based optimizations you can perform to improve your computer’s speed without upgrading hardware components.

What is the first step to speed up a slow computer?

  • Start by removing unnecessary startup programs to reduce the number of processes running when the computer boots up.

How do I check for and remove malware on my computer?

  • Use a reputable antivirus program to perform a full system scan. This will help detect and remove any malware that may be affecting your computer’s performance.

Can upgrading to an SSD improve my computer’s speed?

  • Yes, replacing a traditional hard drive with a Solid State Drive (SSD) can lead to significantly faster read/write speeds and overall system responsiveness.

How can I prevent my computer from slowing down in the future?

  • Regular maintenance, such as keeping software up to date, managing startup programs, and practicing safe browsing habits, can help prevent future slowdowns.

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